Deers in Jim Corbett National Park India
Jim Corbett National Park has four species of deers. Deers are most frequently sighted large mammals in Jim Corbett National Park.
Chital (Axis axis) or Spotted deer is commonest of deer species of Jim Corbett National Park. It is also most beautiful, with characteristic white spots on its reddish-brown body. Only male chital have antlers that may grow up to 1 m length. These antlers are periodically shed and new set developed every time.
Chital or Spotted deer in Jim Corbett lives in large herds and are usually seen in open grasslands on Jim Corbett National Park. Grasses form main food for chital but they also depend on fallen fruits, flowers and leaves from forested areas. They prefer to graze in short grasslands without much cover because in such areas they can watch out for predators like tigers. Tree cover is also required as shelter and source of food. Chital are most active in early morning and evening and rest in cool places during the heat of the day. They give alarm calls to warn herd when a potential threat or predator is sensed. Chital are ecologically important because they form an important prey base for carnivores like leopards and tigers. They also help in dispersal of plant seeds including grasses and also tree and shrub species like amla, ber, etc.
Jim Corbett can easily be reached for wildlife safaris & photography Tours from Pune, Mumbai, Bengaluru, Hyderabad, Delhi, Ahmedabad and other parts of the Country like Chandigarh, Gurugram, Chennai, Amaravati Telangana, Jaipur, Bhopal, Bhubaneswar and Noida at affordable costs, gives you value to your money. Book this short yet exciting Photography package to Jim Corbett National Park to enjoy an adventurous journey through one of India’s most renowned national parks, and that too, at extremely affordable price. Call on +91 9719251197 or write on firstname.lastname@example.org of the Jim Corbett National Park can be divided into the following 6 categories.
Para or Hog Deer (Axis porcinus) is rarest deer found in Jim Corbett National Park. It is closely related to chital but is smaller in size. Unlike most other deer, hog deer is not given to leaping over obstacles but instead, it escapes its predators by crouching low, ducking under obstacles. Its limbs are short and its hind legs are longer than fore legs. This anatomy raises its rump to a higher level than shoulders. Hog Deer are usually nocturnal. Unlike chital, hog deer are solitary animals but sometimes feed in small groups. Hog deer face threat of habitat destruction, especially draining of swampy areas and change in water regimes.
Sambar (Cervus unicolor) is largest deer found in Jim Corbett National Park. Its body is largely a uniform greyish-brown in colour, except for creamy white on backsides and under-tail areas. Males have antlers up to 1 m long that are periodically shed and replaced. Male sambar also have dense manes on their necks.
Sambar are mostly found in dense forests with a gently sloping to steep topography. They are known to reach altitudes as high as 3,700 m. Sambar browse on leaves, berries, fallen fruit, leaves and tender bark of young trees, and also graze on grasses and sedges. These deer are mostly active solitary but may be found in small groups during the mating season. They let out a loud, repetitive alarm call when they sense a threat. These signals are used by trackers to locate tigers. Sambar is the most important prey species for tiger and presence of Sambar usually indicates a good tiger habitat.
Kakar or Barking Deer (Muntiacus muntjak) is the smallest deer found in Jim Corbett National Park. The body colour is golden tan on the dorsal (upper) side and is lighter on the undersides. Male Kakar have short antlers growing on long, bony projections called burrs. In place of antlers, females possess only bony knob-like burrs on their head. Males also have tusk-like upper canine teeth curving sharply outwards from the lips. Kakar are mostly found in areas having dense vegetation and hilly terrain. They prefer to be close to water-sources. Kakar are omnivorous and feed on herbs, fruit, grass, tree-bark and also birds’ eggs and small animals. They are solitary and quite territorial.
Kakar emit a typical dog-like alarm “bark” when they sense the presence of a predator. Barking may carry on continuously for up to an hour. They are active both during daytime and at night. They are a prey for tigers, leopards, jackals and pythons.
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