List of Mammals and
Reptiles seen in India and Nepal, Jos Stratford (5th
December 2003 - 4th January 2004)
Not including occasional small rodents and other mammals,
a total of 21 species were recorded. The following list
details all the sightings in India and Nepal. It will come
as no surprise that most species were recorded only, or in
their best numbers, in the major national parks, most
notably in Ranthambhore, Corbett and Chitwan.
Rhesus Macaque *
Abundant throughout India, recorded at all sites visited,
including urban areas. In Nepal, the monkeys were common
at Bardia, a few also at Chitwan and common at some of the
historic sites in Kathmandu (several in Durbar Square and
many at Swayambhunath).
Hanuman Langur *
With the exception of Bharatpur, this monkey was commonly
seen throughout India. In Nepal, the species was also
common at Chitwan, but only about ten were seen at Bardia.
In India, this was a common species of deer at both
Ranthambhore and Corbett. A few were also seen at
Indian Muntjac (Barking Deer) *
Common in Corbett National Park. In addition, a single was
seen in the Mongoli Valley near Naini Tal. Not seen in
Spotted Deer *
The most abundant of the deer on the sub-continent, many
were seen at Bharatpur, Ranthambhore and Corbett in India,
along with good numbers at Chitwan in Nepal. Away from the
national parks, five were also noted at Kumeria.
Hog Deer *
Two were noted in the community forest near Meghauli
village at Chitwan in Nepal.
All records in India. Nilgai were particularly abundant at
Ranthambhore, with smaller numbers also noted at Bharatpur
Wild Boar *
Wild Boars were seen in good numbers at Corbett National
Park. Elsewhere, two were seen at Bharatpur and a few at
Ranthambhore. Not seen in Nepal (but is common at Chitwan
Asian Elephant *
In India, three small herds, totalling about 18 animals,
were seen on the grasslands near Dhikala in Corbett
National Park. In Nepal, animals were heard at Chitwan,
where a small wild population now exists. Working animals
were seen at Bardia and Chitwan.
Indian Rhinoceros *
Seen at both Bardia and Chitwan in Nepal. At Bardia, a
single was seen near the village and another crossing the
Karnali River, whilst at Chitwan one was noted not far
from Tiger Tops and a pair on the banks of the Rapti River
Common Jackal *
Common and widespread in the national parks in India - at
least ten were seen at Bharatpur, two at Ranthambhore and
a minimum of 25 at Corbett. Though not seen in India,
several were heard calling at Chitwan.
Highlight of the trip, four tigers were seen at
Ranthambhore - a pair sunbathing near a lake, a single
female wandering along a track and another single in
forest along the entrance road to the reserve (outside the
national park and in the area most favoured for birding).
In addition, pugmarks were seen throughout the area, as
well as at Corbett. In Nepal, fresh tracks were also seen
at Bardia and, in very high densities, at Chitwan,
particularly in the Tiger Tops area.
Standing atop a cliff, gazing down, a splendid Leopard was
seen along the entrance road to the national park at
Ranthambhore. Catching the last rays of the sun, casually
strolling along, then sitting, this was a fantastic bonus
to end the day.
Grey Mongoose *
Recorded in both India and Nepal - two at Bharatpur, two
at Bardia and one at Chitwan.
Ruddy Mongoose *
Only record was a single in Ranthambhore National Park in
Small Indian Mongoose *
In India, three were noted at Bharatpur and a single at
Ramnagar, with a single also seen in Kathmandu in Nepal.
In lowland India, these squirrels were abundant at both
Bharatpur and Ranthambhore, occurring both in the national
parks and in urban areas (common in gardens and on
Orange-bellied Himalayan Squirrel *
Both sightings were in Nepal - singles at Chitwan and at
Indian Hare *
Two were seen at Ranthambhore.
Black Rat *
Changing trains in central Delhi late at night, the
station was a wildlife paradise! Many dozen Black Rats
scavenged between the tracks, with many more scampering
across the platforms - all totally unconcerned by the
crowds of people who were equally unconcerned by the rats!
House Shrew *
This long-nosed, stubby-tailed little fellow was a nightly
visitor to my room at Bardia in Nepal.
List of Reptiles Seen in India and Nepal
5th December 2003 - 4th January 2004
Winter is not the best time to notch up an impressive list
of reptiles in the two countries, but nevertheless two of
the most impressive species of snake were noted, along
with both species of crocodile.
Garial Crocodile *
This long-snouted fish-eater was seen at Dhikala in
Corbett National Park, where several were seen sunning on
the opposite side of the lake to the camp.
Mugger Crocodile *
Small numbers were seen in the lakes at Ranthambhore and
Corbett, plus on the small pools and in the river at
Indian Python *
Four very large Indian Pythons, each measuring about two
and a half in length, were seen at Bharatpur - two at
Python Point and two near the second checkpoint.
King Cobra *
A two-metre King Cobra was found sunning itself in the
forest near Tiger Tops at Chitwan.
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